Second Grade

Second Grade Curriculum

In Second grade, students are more independent and collaborative, and are ready to expand their skills and knowledge in all subjects! The Second grade curriculum is organized and based upon current learning theory and research. Fundamental to the curriculum is the belief that children learn best when information connects to real life and natural world events. The STJES Success Traits are incorporated into classroom activities to encourage students to reflect and grow in character. 


In Second grade, children are making the transition from learning to read to reading to learn. Reading, writing, spelling, listening, and speaking are interconnected and children are provided many opportunities for strengthening each skill. Phonemic awareness, decoding skills, reading comprehension, vocabulary development, and fluency are the five major areas of reading focus. Our goal for second graders is to develop a love of literature as well as read and comprehend material at a beginning third-grade level or above.


Students in the Second grade engage in a variety of writing genres, addressing multiple audiences. Writing includes book reports, journaling, poetry, letter writing, personal narratives, informative, descriptive, comparative, and persuasive writing. Teachers collect a portfolio of student writing for monitoring student progress throughout the year.

Spelling/Grammar:  Students learn strategies to help them spell using phonemes as well as pattern detection, looking for words within words, recognizing prefixes and suffixes, and using known words to spell the unfamiliar. Words also are derived from curricular content areas.  Grammar instruction is included as part of daily writing activities, and students apply learned grammar skills to their written assignments.

Handwriting:  Students learn to practice and refine their D’Nealian manuscript as well as learning to write using cursive. Daily practice is given in the formation of letters, under-strokes, over-strokes, and left-to-right progression. 


Students learn to compute numbers, use manipulatives, and study real-world applications to build mathematical concepts and skills, laying the foundation for more abstract reasoning. 


Students are encouraged to observe, to compare, to predict, and to test their ideas. Science topics fall within three broadly defined subject areas: Life Science, Earth Science, and Physical Science. Current Science units include Plant Growth, Water Cycle, Landforms, Rock Cycle, and the Classification of Animals. 

Social Studies

Students learn geography, history, economics, government and civics, and cultures. The Social Studies program helps students develop competencies needed as citizens in a diverse, changing, and interdependent world. Current units include American Symbols, America and its Colonies, Christmas Around the World, Famous Americans, and Washington, DC. 

Global Education

Each year, Second graders participate in the International Festival. One week in the new year is devoted to the study of a country. During this time, children are immersed in the study of the selected country, with all classroom activities, literature, and projects centering on that country. Class and individual projects are displayed during the International Festival.